Longitudinal Study of Graduates of a Spanish Dual Immersion Program
Dual Language Immersion (DLI) programs offer academic content instruction in two languages, English and another language (e.g., Spanish, Mandarin). Such programs enroll English Learners (ELs) who are heritage speakers of the target language (e.g., Spanish) as well as native English-speaking students. DLI programs have expanded rapidly in the past 60 years in the United States.
Stanford University / Amado M. Padilla, Margaret Peterson, Elizabeth Swanson, Xinjie Chen, Amy Peruzzaro